experimental/cuda-ubi9/: blessed-1.20.0 metadata and description

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Easy, practical library for making terminal apps, by providing an elegant, well-documented interface to Colors, Keyboard input, and screen Positioning capabilities.

author Jeff Quast, Erik Rose, Avram Lubkin
author_email contact@jeffquast.com
  • Intended Audience :: Developers
  • Natural Language :: English
  • Development Status :: 5 - Production/Stable
  • Environment :: Console
  • Environment :: Console :: Curses
  • License :: OSI Approved :: MIT License
  • Operating System :: POSIX
  • Operating System :: Microsoft :: Windows
  • Programming Language :: Python :: 2
  • Programming Language :: Python :: 2.7
  • Programming Language :: Python :: 3
  • Programming Language :: Python :: 3.4
  • Programming Language :: Python :: 3.5
  • Programming Language :: Python :: 3.6
  • Programming Language :: Python :: 3.7
  • Programming Language :: Python :: 3.8
  • Programming Language :: Python :: 3.9
  • Programming Language :: Python :: 3.10
  • Programming Language :: Python :: 3.11
  • Topic :: Software Development :: Libraries
  • Topic :: Software Development :: User Interfaces
  • Topic :: Terminals
  • Typing :: Typed
keywords terminal,sequences,tty,curses,ncurses,formatting,style,color,console,keyboard,ansi,xterm
license MIT
  • Documentation, https://blessed.readthedocs.io
  • wcwidth >=0.1.4
  • six >=1.9.0
  • jinxed >=1.1.0 ; platform_system == "Windows"
  • ordereddict ==1.1 ; python_version < "2.7"
  • backports.functools-lru-cache >=1.2.1 ; python_version < "3.2"
requires_python >=2.7
File Tox results History
57 KB
Python Wheel
Downloads codecov.io Code Coverage Windows supported Linux supported MacOS supported BSD supported


Blessed is an easy, practical library for making terminal apps, by providing an elegant, well-documented interface to Colors, Keyboard input, and screen position and Location capabilities.

from blessed import Terminal

term = Terminal()

print(term.home + term.clear + term.move_y(term.height // 2))
print(term.black_on_darkkhaki(term.center('press any key to continue.')))

with term.cbreak(), term.hidden_cursor():
    inp = term.inkey()

print(term.move_down(2) + 'You pressed ' + term.bold(repr(inp)))
Animation of running the code example

It’s meant to be fun and easy, to do basic terminal graphics and styling with Python using blessed. Terminal is the only class you need to import and the only object you should need for Terminal capabilities.

Whether you want to improve CLI apps with colors, or make fullscreen applications or games, blessed should help get you started quickly. Your users will love it because it works on Windows, Mac, and Linux, and you will love it because it has plenty of documentation and examples!

Full documentation at https://blessed.readthedocs.io/en/latest/


Animations of x11-colorpicker.py, bounce.py, worms.py, and plasma.py

x11-colorpicker.py, bounce.py, worms.py, and plasma.py, from our repository.

Exemplary 3rd-party examples which use blessed,

Screenshot of 'Voltron' (By the author of Voltron, from their README).

Voltron is an extensible debugger UI toolkit written in Python

Animation of 'cursewords' (By the author of cursewords, from their README).

cursewords is “graphical” command line program for solving crossword puzzles in the terminal.

Animation of 'githeat.interactive', using blessed repository at the time of capture.

GitHeat builds an interactive heatmap of git history.

Animations from 'Dashing' (By the author of Dashing, from their README)

Dashing is a library to quickly create terminal-based dashboards.

Animations from 'Enlighten' (By the author of Enlighten, from their README)

Enlighten is a console progress bar library that allows simultaneous output without redirection.

Demonstration of 'macht', a 2048 clone

macht is a clone of the (briefly popular) puzzle game, 2048.


Blessed works with Windows, Mac, Linux, and BSD’s, on Python 2.7, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, and 3.8.

Brief Overview

Blessed is more than just a Python wrapper around curses:

  • Styles, Colors, and maybe a little positioning without necessarily clearing the whole screen first.

  • Works great with Python’s new f-strings or any other kind of string formatting.

  • Provides up-to-the-moment Location and terminal height and width, so you can respond to terminal size changes.

  • Avoids making a mess if the output gets piped to a non-terminal, you can output sequences to any file-like object such as StringIO, files, pipes or sockets.

  • Uses terminfo(5) so it works with any terminal type and capability: No more C-like calls to tigetstr and tparm.

  • Non-obtrusive calls to only the capabilities database ensures that you are free to mix and match with calls to any other curses application code or library you like.

  • Provides context managers Terminal.fullscreen() and Terminal.hidden_cursor() to safely express terminal modes, curses development will no longer fudge up your shell.

  • Act intelligently when somebody redirects your output to a file, omitting all of the special sequences colors, but still containing all of the text.

Blessed is a fork of blessings, which does all of the same above with the same API, as well as following enhancements:

Before And After

With the built-in curses module, this is how you would typically print some underlined text at the bottom of the screen:

from curses import tigetstr, setupterm, tparm
from fcntl import ioctl
from os import isatty
import struct
import sys
from termios import TIOCGWINSZ

# If we want to tolerate having our output piped to other commands or
# files without crashing, we need to do all this branching:
if hasattr(sys.stdout, 'fileno') and isatty(sys.stdout.fileno()):
    sc = tigetstr('sc')
    cup = tigetstr('cup')
    rc = tigetstr('rc')
    underline = tigetstr('smul')
    normal = tigetstr('sgr0')
    sc = cup = rc = underline = normal = ''

# Save cursor position.

if cup:
    # tigetnum('lines') doesn't always update promptly, hence this:
    height = struct.unpack('hhhh', ioctl(0, TIOCGWINSZ, '\000' * 8))[0]

    # Move cursor to bottom.
    print(tparm(cup, height - 1, 0))

print('This is {under}underlined{normal}!'
      .format(under=underline, normal=normal))

# Restore cursor position.

The same program with Blessed is simply:

from blessed import Terminal

term = Terminal()
with term.location(0, term.height - 1):
    print('This is ' + term.underline('underlined') + '!', end='')